Buckyballs or fullerenes are named after R. Buckminster Fuller-inventor, architect, engineer, mathematician, poet and cosmologist and best known for the invention of the geodesic dome-the lightest, strongest, and most cost-effective structure ever devised. Buckyballs are crazy molecules that look like tiny soccer balls. They are carbon molecules made up of 60 carbon atoms that form a hollow ball. They display some unusual qualities. Some behave like metal, able to conduct electricity and they’re very rugged. They can survive collisions with metals and other materials at speeds in excess of 20,000 miles an hour and could provide the basis for new super strong yet light weight materials. Scientists have high hopes to use them as drug-delivery systems, components of fuel cells and as tools to clean contaminated land. But in some recent experiments, buckyballs can also be destructive. They steal electrons from surrounding molecules, a process known as oxidation and a common mechanism of tissue damage. Buckyballs were introduced in a controlled experiment to some aquatic life. Largemouth bass were exposed to 10-liter aquariums filled with fullerene-spiked water at concentrations of 0.5 parts per million. After 48 hours, the fish were removed and their brains examined for lipid peroxidation, a tissue-burning chemical reaction that toxicologists use as a standard of biological damage. The level of brain damage was severe. Buckyballs also caused die-offs of Daphnia, or water fleas, crustaceans just a few millimeters long that eat algae and serve as food for other aquatic animals. Because of their crucial role in the food chain, Daphnia is a common test organism for aquatic toxicity.